"Heriot-Watt University is a public university based in Edinburgh, Scotland. It was established in 1821 as the world’s first mechanics’ institute (Royal Charter granted in 1966). It has campuses in the Scottish Borders, Orkney, Dubai, and Putrajaya in Malaysia. The university is ranked among the World’s Top 500 by both Times Higher Education World University Rankings (401-500) and QS World University Rankings (312), and between 27 and 52 rank in the UK by various newspapers."
Heriot-Watt was established as the School of Arts of Edinburgh by Scottish businessman Leonard Horner on 16 October 1821. Having been inspired by Anderson’s College in Glasgow, Horner established the School to provide practical knowledge of science and technology to Edinburgh’s working men.:64–66 The institution was initially of modest size, giving lectures two nights a week in rented rooms and boasting a small library of around 500 technical works.